Soc100 Notes (Exam 2-Final).pdf - Week 11 Family What is a...

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Week 11: Family What is a family General agreement that married parents with children is a family Less agreement around unmarried couples without children Nuclear Family- married parents and children as the nucleus or core of the group Majority agree that this is a family (99.7%) Agreement declines as elements change (ex: no children, not married, etc.) Family- a socially recognized group (usually joined by blood, marriage, cohabitation, or adoption) that forms an emotional connection and serves as an economic unit of society Family is a status role in society Marriage has traditionally led to family Marriage is not necessary for a family Family as an Institution Family is the most basic institution of society Institution - rules/expectations that connect an individual or organization to a larger social environment Affects us for most of our lives Major life events take place within the family Examples: ________________________ Capable of fulfilling a number of functions of other institutions Education, socialization, employment, etc. Not vice versa Important for human survival Two Types of Families Family of orientation - our parent(s) and possibly sibling(s) (ascribed status) we are socialized into this family Family of procreation - family formed through marriage/choice (who u choose to date & spend ur life with; achieved status) The transmission of values from the family of orientation to the family of procreation stabilizes the family system Theoretical Analysis of the Family Functions of the Family (Functionalism) The family performs many vital (functional) tasks: Socialization Regulation of sexual activity Social placement Material and emotional security Family Functions are Changing Too Micro-level family processes are responsive to broader society needs For example: Industrialization led to the “father as provider/mother as caretaker” family structure Marriage primarily for love and affection is a recent development
Since 1960: % (Proportion) of children living with both parents has declined % of one parent households has increased Simultaneously: % of dual earner couples has increased ~66 % in 2015 Breadwinner/homemaker family structure has declined ~28 % in 2015 Why has Family Structure Changed? Changes in “Demand” Less Necessary to Stay at Home Fertility declines Industrialization Changes in Behavior Increase in single person households & cohabitation Divorce rises Changes in Gender Expectations Age at marriage increases The rise of the dual-earner household Women continue to work outside the home, 75 % of married women with school-aged children 66 % of married women with pre-school children Shifting Attitudes? Young people’s support for Gender egalitarianism in Public (work/politics) has been flat since 1995.

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