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POST MORTEM CARE.docx - POST MORTEM CARE Objectives After 3...

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POST MORTEM CAREObjectivesAfter 3 hours of varied learning activities, the level III students will be able to:1. define the following terms:1.1. post mortem care1.2. autopsy1.3. Cheyne-stokes respiration1.4. coroner1.5. deceased1.6. death1.7. embalming1.8. expired 1.9. forensic medicine1.10.grief1.11.inquest1.12.medical examiner1.13.morgue1.14.mourning1.15.mortician1.16.shroud2. state the purposes of post mortem care3. enumerate the clinical signs of impending death4. cite the physical signs of impending death5. identify the physiologic changes after death6. differentiate the stages of grieving7. explain the procedures occurring after death8. discuss the guidelines of post mortem care9. give the nursing responsibilities before, during, and after post mortem care10.demonstrate beginning skills in performing post mortem careDEFINITION OF TERMS1. Post Mortem Care – care of the body after death, aimed to provide dignity to the dead and sensitivityto the personal, religious, and cultural needs of the family2. Autopsy – an examination of the body after death by a pathologist to determine the cause of deathand to learn more about a disease process3. Cheyne-Stokes Respiration – rhythmic waxing and waning of respirations from very deep breathing tovery shallow breathing with periods of temporary apnea, often associated with cardiac failure, increasedintracranial pressure, or brain damage4. Coroner – is a public official, not necessarily a physician, appointed or elected to inquire into thecauses of death, when appropriate5. Deceased – term given to a person who is dead6. Death – irreversible cessation of life7. Embalming – to treat a corpse with preservatives in order to prevent decomposition; the act ofpreserving a body8. Expired – to emit the last breath; die
9. Forensic Medicine – branch of medical science that is concerned with establishing evidence for legalproceedings; application of medical knowledge to law10. Grief – total response to the emotional experience related to loss which is manifested in thoughts,feelings, and behaviors associated with overwhelming distress or sorrow11.Inquest – a legal inquiry into the cause or manner of death12.Medical Examiner – a physician and usually have advanced education in pathology or forensicmedicine who investigates the causes of death13.Morgue – a room or building usually run by a state or municipal government in which bodies are keptuntil they are autopsied or identified14. Mourning – the behavioral process through which grief is eventually resolved or altered15.Mortician – a person trained in the care and disposal of the dead; also referred to as undertaker16.Shroud – a large piece of plastic or cotton material used to enclose a body after deathPURPOSES OF POST MORTEM CAREto aid in preserving the physical appearance of the deceasedto prevent discoloration and damage of the corpse skinto safeguard all the belongings of the deceasedto support family members during the initial hours of their bereavement

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