art historty notes test 2

art historty notes test 2 - Art History Second Test 16th...

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Art History Second Test 16 th Century German Artists Albrecht Durer - artistic flowering in Germany at beginning of 16 th century - few artists, didn’t last long, died or left - 1528 - Knew how to Woodcarver, engraving - Copied prints of Italian artists - Montena- often copied - Interested, traveled to Italy, bring back ideas, raise level of German artists - Learned perspective, classical, proportion - Linear emphasis - Self portrait - 1498, lates 20s - Lines throughout - Monumental- simple, main figure takes up most of frame - Great output, made him wealthy Four Horsemen of the apocalypse - 1498 - Revelations story - Destruction in form of 4 horsemen - Death, famine, war, pestacialance- disease - Woodcut, shading is difficult - Complex - Interesting choices of angles Instructed other artist how to do perspective 4 apostles - 1526 - oil on panel - Wings on triptych - john and peter on left - mark and Paul on right - Italian renaissance look - uncluttered, figures take up whole space - Germany- protestant - inscription is mysterious Matthias Grunewald Isenheim Altarpiece - triptych - made for hospital chapel - gory, nighttime - sores all over body, pulled from sockets, green tone
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- balanced, simplistic - st Sebastian (warding off disease) and st Anthony (miracles cures) on wings - reverses to annunciation, nativity and resurrection scenes - colorful Ergotism (st Anthony’s Fire) - hospital for people with this disease - rye grain with fungus - killer disease, gangrene, muscular spasms, hullinations - symptoms- insides on fire - tried to save soul, make them comfortable - why it is so gruesome Hans Holbein - 1497 to 1543 - Last German - Moves to England 1532 - Simplified, balanced compositions, monumental figures, extreme control, dignity, jewel like Portrait of Henry the VIII - 1539 - one figure, - neutral background - figure takes up whole space - emotionless face, reserved dignity, - detail in clothing - Textured - Renaissance- triangle Peter Bruegel the elder - Flemish died in 1569 - Visited Italy, didn’t learn or care about classical - Learned some perspective - Traveled through alps, highly influential - Subjects generally common people Hunters in the Snow - series representing different times of year - very deep landscape with lots of human activity - hunters, women starting fire, skaters on pond - diagonal movement - added cliff in landscape, Flanders is flat - Harvesters another in series Landscape with the fall of Icarus - 1554 - Myth- Greek inventor made wings - Proverb- when a person dies, life goes on - Literal drawing, visual pun, - Deep landscape
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- Faithless shepard - Blind leading blind El Greco (Dominickos) - Career in Spain, nicknamed the Greek - 1541- 1614 - Born in Crete, grew up in Greek orthodox church, with bzytaine art - Traveled to Italy, to Venice, saw mannerist art, renaissance - Ended up in Spain in Toledo - Blending of spiritualism and un-worldliness and distortions of naturalism from mannerism - Not as polished as mannerism - Actually spiritual Burial of count Orga z - 1586 - Oil on canvas - Wall panting
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AARH 171 taught by Professor Strum during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Albany.

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art historty notes test 2 - Art History Second Test 16th...

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