art history notes in class

art history notes in class - Art History Renaissance...

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Art History Renaissance Different from middle ages - religious - based on conventions - conceptual, abstract How to Study Art - break into subject and style Renaissance Humanism - renewed interest in classical world - aesthetics of Ancient Grease+ Rome - literature, art, architecture, philosophy - Francisco Petrarch- 14 th Century Italian poet+ scholar - Promoted interest in classical world - Social .mobility - Individualism - Human condition can be improved - Progress - Idealized man who worked and thought for himself - Interest in studying world lead to improvements in science Revolution - artistic change in style - naturalistic - rendered anatomy - lighting effects - aerial perspective - linear perspective- vanishing point - take unusual viewpoint - believe figures Aug 31, 2007 Quattrocento- 14 TH Century Renaissance Things that lead to development of renaissance How Italy was divided Interest in humanism, to be successful, Republics, not feudalism City of Florence- leading renaissance style city Civic pride- after small nation defeating attacking armies Money spent to decorate city and supported arts D’ Medici- richest family , patronized arts Commissioned best artist, founded libraries, humanist Filippo Brunelleschi- architect Florence cathedral
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- Won competition to design dome - 150 years w.o roof - Hard to engineer - Unique design - Invented hosting machines - Individualist - Built between 1440- 1446 - Oculus (skylight) taken from the design of the pantheon Friends w. Donatello, took trip to Rome together What Classical Architecture influences renaissance architecture Coliseum - Three types of columns - Doric- ancient Greek, simplest, square on top - Ionic column- open scroll on top cathel - Corinthian- curling leaves on top, busiest Pantheon - Early 2 nd century - Roman - Corinthian columns - Oculus- opening to sky - Coffered - Stepped dome Arches - Aqueduct - Better to build with Santa Saveno- Roman Barrel Vaults - Arch expands into semicircular room Coffers- recesses in ceilings for artistic interest Groin Vaults - Shaped ceiling Pediment - Triangular gable Brunelleschi San Lorenzo - D’Medici liked Brunelleschi’s classical style - Private church and cemetery
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- Columns, arched, coffered ceiling, pilaster - Proportioned, repetition - Used pietra serena September 5, 2007 15 th Century Architecture Leonbattista alberti Humanist, renaissance man, scholar, lawyer, architecture Studied Vitruvius, wrote treatis on architecture Sant’ andrea in Mantua 1472 Already existing, revamped outside Barrel vault, coffered ceiling, pediment, pilistaters Borrowed side arms from roman church Inside- barrel vault, coffered ceiling, rounded arches, main dome Palazzo- urban home for wealthy family Block, stone structures, Open courtyard in middle Pilasters in each level 15 th Century Sculpture New Bronze Doors for Florence Baptistry
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art history notes in class - Art History Renaissance...

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