L.VanderZwaag-N491-4.docx - Running head KING QUALITY AND...

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Running head: KING, QUALITY, AND PEPLAU1King, Quality, and PeplauLeah VanderZwaagAspen UniversityProfessor AnnMarie Vang, RN, MSNDecember 7, 2019
KING, QUALITY, AND PEPLAU2King, Quality, and PeplauImogene King contributed significantly to the profession of nursing and nursing knowledge development. Her Conceptual System Theory was rooted or influenced in general system theory and was an attempt to explain nursing as revolving around human nature and their environment. It is helpful to define a concept as an organization of reference points (Smith & Parker, 2015). King took several concepts and developed them in a theory to show relationship. Her concepts about human beings became the personal system. How human beings relate to eachother became the interpersonal system. How these individual groups relate to society at large became the social system. The nurse is required to apply all these concepts in their care. The concepts discussed in these systems also influenced her development of the Theory of Goal Attainment. Quality care is always the nurse’s priority and can be measured through successful attainment of positive patient outcomes as well as their perception of their care. Both Imogene King and Hildegard Peplau laid out important theoretical practices that can largely influence quality and should therefore be implemented by quality committees in order to drive high-quality, patient-centered care. Overview of King and QualityFirst then, the personal system of King’s conceptual theory. This system largely revolves around the individual human being and comprehending each human being as a person. It includes the concepts of self, perception, growth, development, learning, time, body image, and personal space (Smith & Parker, 2015). Perception is considered a fundamental aspect by King, who stated that “an individual’s perception of self, of body image, of time and space influence the way he or she responds to persons, objects, and events in his or her life” (1981). Each individual is and has a personal system. The concept of self is the individual, or, who the
KING, QUALITY, AND PEPLAU3individual knows themselves to be and is the sum of their ideas, values, and experiences (Gonzalo, 2014). Self, or as King stipulated further by adding perception of self, can influence all outward and inward behavior and how they interact with their subjective environment. Body image is affected by how the individual perceives their own body and how they gauge others’ perception of their body. Time and space concepts share a societal norm but in the personal system they can be very subjective. King mentioned learning as gaining personal knowledge while moving through the lifespan but did not really develop the concept beyond that. The nurse and the individual/client are examples of this personal system.

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