Outline Aquinas’ account of matter, form and privation in On the Principles of Nature. .docx

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Task:Outline Aquinas’ account of matter, form and privation in On thePrinciples of Nature.Thomas Aquinas is very interested in explanation of existence of nature.Aquinas uses the theory of the Aristotles on the existence of the nature toexplain the existence of things. That something can exist, though they do not,these are said to be potentiality [what can be] and somethings do exist, andthese are said to be actuality[what is].1These lead us to understand the conceptof matter (can be), form (is) and privation (is not)2. For Aquinas there are threethings that required the principle of nature, “namely, (1) entity in potentiality—and this is matter, (2) not being in actuality—and this is privation, and (3) thatby means of which it comes to be in actuality—and this is form.”3Matter.Thomas Aquinas defines matter by saying “Both that which is inpotentiality to substantial being [being] and that which is in potentiality toaccidental being [being additionally something or other] can be called‘matter’”.4e.g. Ben is a human being so he is substantial being because of the1Joseph Bobik,Aquinas on Matter and Form and the Elements: A Translation and Interpretation of the DePrincipiis Naturae and the De Mixtione Elementorum of St. Thomas Aquinas(United States: University of NotreDame Press, 1998), 2.2Joseph Bobik, 2.3Thomas Aquinas,Aquinas: Basic Works, (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, Incorporated, 2014),Accessed August 23, 2020. ProQuest Ebook Central, 3.

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Metaphysics, Ontology, Existence, 4Thomas Aquinas

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