Intro to Psychology - Research Methods

Intro to Psychology - Research Methods - Psychological...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychological Research
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Scientific Method Science is the pursuit of systematized knowledge through observation Science is both a method and a goal Scientific propositions must be Stated clearly and precisely Testable (allows for disconfirmation) Tests of hypotheses must be reproducible by other scientists
Background image of page 2
The Role of Theory in Science A theory is a set of propositions meant to explain a class of phenomena Propositions are causes, the phenomena are the effects induced by the causes Theories often lead to the generation of hypotheses that confirm or disconfirm the theory Theories are constructed by scientists
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Anxiety as a Theoretical Concept
Background image of page 4
Nature of Scientific Explanation Critical decision, based on type of question asked: What makes the person behave like this (i.e., cause distress, impair functioning)? Why does the person behave in this unusual way? Under what conditions does this behavior occur? How do we help the person behave in a more adaptive way? What conditions are necessary, sufficient, and contributory in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of abnormal behavior?
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Psychological Research Naturalistic observation Surveys Case Study Correlational Experimental
Background image of page 6
Research Challenges: Ethics Protection of participants from physical and mental harm The right of participants to privacy regarding their behavior The assurance that participation in research is completely voluntary The necessity of informing participants about the nature of procedures prior to participation in the experiment Informed consent Deception and debriefing
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Research Challenges Choosing participants who represent the scope of human behavior Should animals be used in research?
Background image of page 8
Research Methods Archival research - Use of existing data in order to test a hypothesis Naturalistic observation Observation of naturally occurring behavior without intervention © Getty Images/Royalty Free
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Example of Archival Research Searching high school records of people who later became criminals to see if there were early signs of misbehavior. Looking up marriage licenses to find out the average age difference between spouses. Finding out whether there are racial biases in jury decisions by examining court records. Studying speeches made in Congress by men and women to see if there are differences in their use of particular words or phrases. Examining Census records to determine whether there are relationships between education and death rates. Examining the use of online help manuals by people who buy printers to see if those with more knowledge of computers are less likely to use manuals.
Background image of page 10
Examples of Naturalistic Observation Counting the number of SUVs on highways in the United States vs. Europe to see if more SUVs are on the roads in the United States. Watching the patients in a psychiatric ward during meals to see if they speak to each other.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 37

Intro to Psychology - Research Methods - Psychological...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online