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A brief look into the history of airmail.The first airmail operated by the U.S. Post Office Department took flight in a Curtiss R-4 airplane, on August 12, 1918, piloted by MaxMiller, Edward Gardner, Robert Shank, and Maurice Newton. They took turns flying 218 miles from New York to Philadelphia. The Kelly Act of 1925 allowed the Post Office to contract private airlines to distribute mail. By 1927, the Post Office assigned all responsibilities for flying mail to commercial airlines. Commercial airline's main source of income was from these agreements with the Post Office. The Airmail Act of 1930, change the way airline payments were calculated, changed from weight to volume. February of 1934, Roosevelt announced that all domestic air contracts would be turned over to Army Air Corps. Later that year the Airmail Act of 1934 was released returning the responsibility back to private airlines. The Airmail Act of 1934 allowed the U.S.