This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: your situation; Second, weigh up the benefits and harms you expect to result from each alternative, considering not just yourself but all those who are likely to be affected by what you do (directly or indirectly); Finally, choose that alternative which maximizes the benefits and minimizes the harms for all concerned. Utilitarians think of happiness in terms of a life where pleasures predominate over pains. Thus, we can say that the Principle of Utility approves of individual actions — or social policies — that promote the general happiness, and disapproves of actions and policies that detract from the general happiness. Accordingly, the Utilitarian’s slogan for the ultimate moral goal of social legislation was “the Greatest Happiness of the Greatest Number”....
View Full Document
- Fall '08
- Philosophy, Suffering, Pleasure, general happiness, morally right thing