341Tablets in second language learning: learners’ and teachers’ perceptionsAlthough previous research has investigated the pedagogical use of tablets in the domain of higher education (e.g. Cidre, 2015), elementary and secondary education (e.g. Kirsch & Bes Izuel, 2016), students with disabilities (e.g. Cumming & Rodriguez, 2013), and teacher training (e.g. Hopkins & Burden, 2015), there is little research exploring the perceptions of ESL students and even less involving their teachers (Cifuentes, Maxwell, & Bulu, 2011).2. MethodThis study explores the perceptions of 45 young adult ESL learners and their 11 teachers on the use of tablets (predominantly Apple iPads) in their classrooms at an English language school in Montreal, Canada. A quantitative and qualitative approach was used to collect and analyze the data.