Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes

Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes - Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes...

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Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes October 24, 2007 What is Intelligence? Intelligence is a very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to: - Reason - Plan - Solve problems - Think abstractly - - Comprehend complex items - Learn quickly - Learn from personal experience Gardner’s 8 types of intelligence Logical – mathematical - Ability to handle numbers, long chains of reasoning - Ex. Scientists and mathematicians Linguistic - Sensitivity to the sounds rhythms and meanings of words, different funtions of languague - Ex. Poets, journalist Naturalist - Differences among diverse species, ability to interact with living creatures - Ex. Biologists, enivornmenatlist Musical - Abilities to produce and appreciate rhythm pitch timbre, and forms of musical expressiveness - Ex. Musicans, composers Spatial - Perceive visual-spatial world accurately and to perform transformations on ones intital perceptions - Ex. Navigators, sculptures Bodily/ kinesthetic - Ability to control ones body movement and to handle objects skillfully - Ex. Dancers athletes Interpersonal - Ability to understand moods, temperaments, motivations and desires of other people
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- Ex. Therapists, salespeople Intra-personal - Access to ones own feelings and the ability to discriminate among them and draw upon them to guide behavior knowledge ones own strengths weaknesses and desires Sternberg’s Triarchic theory of intelligence Analytical: involves the kinds of academically oriented problem solving skills measured by traditional intelligences tests(“book smart” Creative : comprises the mental skills needed to deal adaptively with novel problems (“ divergent thinking”) Practical: refers to the skills needed to cope with everyday demands and to manage oneself and other people effectively (“street smart”) Gardners theory of emotional intelligence Ability: to read others emotions accurately to respond to others emotions accurately To motivate oneself Aware of ones own emotions To Regulate and control ones own emotional responses Methods for Measuring Intelligence prior to Alfred Binet Efficiency of eye-hand coordination Memorizing lists of nonsense syllables Estimate the passage of time Original simon-binet test Created to help give handicapped children extra help If a child of 11 years of age scored IQ Mental age/ cognitive age times 100= IQ October 31, 2007 Race and IQ - Arthur Jensens controversial statements - Iq differences between blacks and whites - Unequal environment - Unequal opportunities - Culture bound tests - Genetic differences are unfounded - Controversy over culture free tests eaction Range Concept Phenotype- High Low Environment Genotype for trait
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Genes are setting the limits but the environment determines how high we can reach for the limits Applied to hypothetical individuals Deprived environment- low side of inherited reaction range
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course APSY 101 taught by Professor Svare during the Fall '07 term at SUNY Albany.

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Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes - Intro to Psych Test 3 Notes...

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