intro to psych test 4

intro to psych test 4 - Intro to Psychology Test 4 Notes...

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Intro to Psychology Test 4 Notes November 16, 2007 The Self Four Major Approaches to the Study of Personality - energy system approach- product of conflict between drives, motives ect o responsible for personality - Pyscholoanalaytic theory o Energy concepts o Sexual instinct o Aggressive death instinct o Discharge energy o Libidinal discharge o Aggressive discharge - behavioral system - self actualization - social system energy system approach - product of conflict between drives, motives ect o responsible for personality Psycholoanalytic theory - Freuds attempt to solve Hysteria o Why do patients suddenly become blind or become paralyzed even though there is no physical organic basis for it? o Why does recovery occur following recall of an early traumatic experience either through hypnosis or free association Pyscholoanalaytic theory - Energy concepts o Sexual instinct o Aggressive death instinct - Discharge energy o Libidinal discharge o Aggressive discharge - Subsystems of personality - ID- pleasure principal - Ego- reality principal- enables individual respond to environment, mediate between conflict, within individual o Executive branch - Superego- acquired through socialization process o Follows norms, ideals, values of society o Approval or disapproval of behavior - Ego Processes o Ego Defense mechanisms
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o Deals with energy o How we explain our egos choices o Repression- motivated forgetting, reject unacceptable thoughts, memories ect o Rationalization- justifying behavior o Projection- repressed desire and applying it to someone else o Reaction formation- reversing repressed behavior to opposite behavior o Sublimation- transforms energy into socially acceptable behavior o Displacement- diverting behavior away from actual target to less threatening target o Denial- refusal to believe info that provokes anxiety o Regression- returns to more immature level to avoid facing problems Anaylitic Theory Carl Jung breaks with Freud - functions of the libido are broadened - personal unconscious- close to Freuds - collective unconscious- record of past - archetypes (animus and anima male and feminity)- organizing images, how we think of our - sources of growth, creativity - extroversion and introversion- behavior result of 2. focus on outside vs. inside Behavioral system - focus is on what an indivual actually does - trait theories- descriptive analysis of behavior o how they are developed- simple observation - Allport’s Trait Theory o Common traits- shared by many people o Individual – peculiar to person o Cardinal- influence every aspect of a person o Central- highly charactisic of individual, small number o Secondary- limited in occurance, accounts for variation - learning theories o how behavior is acquired and maintains o in born genetic predispositions are stable and consistent from situation to situation o basic units of personality - Critisisms o Treat traits as causes of behavior, give little weight to environment November 19, 2007 Learning Theory Banduras Theory of Observational Learning - bobo doll experiment
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