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Intro to Psychology notes

Intro to Psychology notes - Introduction to Psychology...

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Introduction to Psychology August 31, 2007 Controversy Controversial Issue: Should Animals be used in Psychological Research? Yes they should - This research has played an extremely important role in improving the human and animal condition - There are elaborate federal regulations and professional guidelines that protect animals - Society has made the collective judgment that the benefits derived from animal research far outweigh the costs - Animals have played a pivotal role in improving the human condition and in return society should strive to treat them well No they shouldn’t - People who basic rights to humans deny them to animals who is to judge? why are humans making these moral distinctions? Specism - Many species are not covered by the animal welfare act (insects and rodents) - The benefits of animal research are sometimes uncertain. We don’t know the outcome of the experiment. The cost to the animal is to high. Roots of Modern Psychology Greeks- Plato & Aristotle Saint Augustine and Introspection Description of ones own conscious mental processes Great philosophers 14 th - 17 th century - Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hobbes Psychology has roots in philosophy Evolution of Two major approaches to the study of behavior Faculty psychology - Franz gall and phrenology - Map of Where different faculties of the mind existed - Classified mental abilities Association Psychology - The content of the mind is limited to ideas coming to it by way of the sense - Product of what we experience Modern psychology derives from one of these 2 theories Founding of Modern Experimental psychology 1879 Wilhelm Wundt established the first experimental psychology lab in Leipzig Germany Experimented w. reaction time
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Quantification of behavior- assigned numbers to behavior Psychology is imported to the us 1885 William James Harvard- Wundt’s student 1883- G. Stanley Hall, Johns Hopkins, first lab, first APA president Other roots Sir Francis Galton- education tests Darwin- link between people and animals, roots of comparative psychology Freud- id, ego, superego Anton Mesmer- mental illness, intrapsychic Important Distinction- Basic v. Applied Science Basic Research- knowledge is acquired for its own sake to satisfy a basic curiosity. The immediate usefulness of that information is not considered. Applied research- Taking the findings of basic research and using them to accomplish a practical goal. September 5, 2007 Methodology Type of research used depends on subgroup of psych Each research technique has advantages and disadvantages Cant test everyone Important terms - Sample- portion of the total # of possible subject - Sample size- must be large enough to include the possible response of every individual - Representative sample- every type of background is included in a study - Random sample- equal chance Data collection methods Method used depends on subgroup of psych Each method has advantages and disadvantages
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