Intro to Psychology notes

Intro to Psychology notes - Introduction to Psychology...

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Introduction to Psychology August 31, 2007 Controversy Controversial Issue: Should Animals be used in Psychological Research? Yes they should - This research has played an extremely important role in improving the human and animal condition - There are elaborate federal regulations and professional guidelines that protect animals - Society has made the collective judgment that the benefits derived from animal research far outweigh the costs - Animals have played a pivotal role in improving the human condition and in return society should strive to treat them well No they shouldn’t - People who basic rights to humans deny them to animals who is to judge? why are humans making these moral distinctions? Specism - Many species are not covered by the animal welfare act (insects and rodents) - The benefits of animal research are sometimes uncertain. We don’t know the outcome of the experiment. The cost to the animal is to high. Roots of Modern Psychology Saint Augustine and Introspection Description of ones own conscious mental processes Great philosophers 14 th - 17 th century - Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hobbes Psychology has roots in philosophy Evolution of Two major approaches to the study of behavior Faculty psychology - Franz gall and phrenology - Map of Where different faculties of the mind existed - Classified mental abilities Association Psychology - The content of the mind is limited to ideas coming to it by way of the sense - Product of what we experience Modern psychology derives from one of these 2 theories Founding of Modern Experimental psychology 1879 Wilhelm Wundt established the first experimental psychology lab in Leipzig Germany Experimented w. reaction time
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Quantification of behavior- assigned numbers to behavior Psychology is imported to the us 1885 William James Harvard- Wundt’s student 1883- G. Stanley Hall, Johns Hopkins, first lab, first APA president Other roots Sir Francis Galton- education tests Darwin- link between people and animals, roots of comparative psychology Freud- id, ego, superego Anton Mesmer- mental illness, intrapsychic Important Distinction- Basic v. Applied Science Basic Research- knowledge is acquired for its own sake to satisfy a basic curiosity. The immediate usefulness of that information is not considered. Applied research- Taking the findings of basic research and using them to accomplish a practical goal. September 5, 2007 Methodology Type of research used depends on subgroup of psych Each research technique has advantages and disadvantages Cant test everyone Important terms - Sample- portion of the total # of possible subject - Sample size- must be large enough to include the possible response of every individual - Representative sample- every type of background is included in a study - Random sample- equal chance Data collection methods Method used depends on subgroup of psych
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course APSY 101 taught by Professor Svare during the Fall '07 term at SUNY Albany.

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Intro to Psychology notes - Introduction to Psychology...

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