CHAPTER 12 STUDY GUIDE - CHAPTER 12 STUDY GUIDE Wendi...

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CHAPTER 12 STUDY GUIDEWendi – member of prominent northern Chinese family during period of Six Dynasties; proclaimed himselfemperor; supported by nomadic peoples of northern China; established Sui DynastyYangdi – 2ndmember of Sui Dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examinationsystem; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618 CELi Yuan – also known as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi;first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of GaozuHeavenly Khan – title taken by Tang rulersZen – Chan variant of Buddhism (known as Zen in Japan and the west) stressing meditation and theappreciation of natural and artistic beauty; goal was to know the ultimate wisdom and find release from acycle of rebirth through introspective meditationXuanzong – leading Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty who reigned from 713-755 CE though heencouraged overexpansionYang Guifei – young woman belonging to harem of Tang prince; raised to status of royal concubine duringreign of Xuanzong; introduction of relative into royal administration led to revoltZhao Kuangyin – Founder of Song Dynasty; originally a general following fall Tang; took title of Taizu; failed toovercome northern Liao dynasty that remained independentZhu Xi – most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song Dynasty in China; stressed importance ofapplying philosophical principles to everyday life and actionJunks – Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboofenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsulaFlying Money – Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at theend of the voyage; reduced danger or robbery; early form of currency“Golden Lily” – shape of a girl’s foot at the time of marriageable age attained through the practice of foot-binding (practice of mutilating a Chinese woman’s foot in order to make it smaller); presumably preferred byprospective husbands; also called “Lotus Pearl”Li Bo – most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musingsQUESTIONS – REBUILDING THE IMPERIAL EDIFICE IN THE SUI-TANG ERA1. How did the Tang rulers keep the Turkic Khane under control?Played one Turkic people after another;Turkic leaders were forced to be vassals to Tang ruler; daughters of Turkic khans married into imperial family;sons sent to capital as hostages to guarantee good behavior of tribe, while the sons were also educated inChinese ways2. How did the Tang rulers use the scholar-gentry bureaucrats to offset the power of the aristocracy?Role inChinese history was reduced as control over court life and administration for aristocrats declined and politicalpower was shared between bureaucrats and aristocrats; scholar-gentry class staged most of the posts in the

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Term
Spring
Professor
Chaney
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