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Running head: ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY 1 Topic: Alternative Religion Project- Orthodox Christianity Name: Course: Tutor: Institutional Affiliation: Date:
ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY 2 Introduction Orthodox Christianity is one of the three Christians group, which includes Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. The term Orthodox is derived from Greek Words Orthos which means right, and doxa, meaning belief. Thus, the Orthodox Christians believe that they have maintained the actual teachings handed down from the Apostles' time. The group has its roots in the Eastern Roman Empire; the group is also known as Byzantine Christianity. The group upholds the Trinity; God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Trinity is the foundation of the Orthodox Christians doctrine. They believe that God manifested Himself through Jesus Christ, crucified, died, and resurrected on the third day. The Orthodox Christians consider the Holy Spirit to be of great importance. The Holy Spirit has a role in helping the church devise proper ways of worshipping God (BBC 2008). Orthodox Christianity Worship Orthodox Christianity's way of life promotes the worship of God in the right way. The worship is done using several accompaniments, which include offerings, incense, and singing. The liturgy is chanted to its entirety while sing is done without musical instruments. Worship among orthodox Christians is physical and involves all the five senses. Gesturing, prostrations, bowing and making signs of the cross are common during worship. Candles are also used during mass, whereby they are lighted and placed in front of the church icons. The Orthodox Christian churches are endowed with beautiful paintings that are used in worship. The painted icons used include that of Christ, Mary, and the various scenes in the Bible, and those of saints. The orthodox belief that when they worship at the icon is a sacred communion with God. Candles or oil lamps are light before them while the worshiper kisses them or kneel before them while
ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY 3 making signs of the cross (The Orthodox Church and Her Theology- Part C). Fasting Orthodox consider fasting as a fundamental aspect of life. They believe that fasting trains the body to concentrate on spiritual things. They have four fasting periods, which include Lent, the Fast of Apostles: the fasting begins on June 28June 28, eight days after the Pentecost, and ends with the feast of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. The Fast of Dormition begins on August 01August 01 and ends on August 14August 14. The Christmas Fast begins on November 15 and ends on December 24. Apart from those appointed Fasts, Wednesdays and Fridays are days of fasting although not strictly followed. Another memorable moment among the Orthodox Christians is fasting, which lasts for 50 days, known as Lent. Orthodox Christians see the fasting as an effort to re-experience Jesus's 40 days in the wildness. Lent ends before the beginning of Easter events (BBC 2008).

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