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Revolutionaries were divided into two factions: 1) Jacobins (radical group) led by Robespierre and Danton
2) Girondins (Moderates) led by Jaques Brissot) The Reign of Terror
With the execution of the king on 21 January, 1789, all government collapsed. Many rival leaders fought for power. Slowly, a man named Maximilian Robespierre took power and ruled France as a dictator. Robespierre and his followers created an office called the Committee of Public Safety. In theory, this office was supposed to find enemies of the new republic and kill them. Instead Robespierre used the commission to eliminate his political enemies, one by one. Within a year, the Committee The execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, October 16, 1793 of Public Safety had executed about 3,000 people. By 1794, members of the National Convention felt that Robespierre was too dangerous. They turned on him, and had him beheaded. The period of Robespierre’s rule has come to be known as the Reign of Terror for the terrible happenings of that time. After his death, the l...
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- Spring '12
- French Revolution, King Louis, Nepoleon