07-PUBLIC-HEALTH - PUBLIC HEALTH GENERAL CAREER INFORMATION The mission of public health is to fulfill society's interest in assuring conditions in

07-PUBLIC-HEALTH - PUBLIC HEALTH GENERAL CAREER INFORMATION...

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PUBLIC HEALTH GENERAL CAREER INFORMATION The mission of public health is to fulfill society's interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy. Public health carries out its mission through organized, interdisciplinary efforts that address the physical, mental and environmental health concerns of communities and populations at risk for disease and injury. Its mission is achieved through the application of health promotion and disease prevention technologies and interventions designed to improve and enhance quality of life. Health promotion and disease prevention technologies encompass a broad array of functions and expertise, including the three core public health functions: assessment and monitoring of the health of communities and populations at risk to identify health problems and priorities; formulating public policies, in collaboration with community and government leaders, designed to solve identified local and national health problems and priorities; assuring that all populations have access to appropriate and cost-effective care, including health promotion and disease prevention services, and evaluation of the effectiveness of that care The Ten Essential Public Health Services: Monitor health status to identify community health problems Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable Assure a competent public health and personal health care workforce Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems Healthcare dynamics have changed rapidly and public health has necessarily emerged on a broader and more vital front. Today, professionals in the field take leadership roles in addressing national and international problems. Following the eradication of smallpox, public health professional have implemented programs to eradicate polio and guinea worm disease. They work to contain the worldwide epidemic of HIV/AIDS, the re-emergence of TB in the U.S., and the Ebola virus epidemics in Africa. Community specialists conduct needs assessments of populations groups, as well as plan, implement, administer, and evaluate programs related to those needs. Public heath professionals continue to be involved with food safety and food fortification programs that reduce the risk of nutrient deficiency diseases that have plagued us in the past, such as pellagra, rickets, and goiter.

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