History 106 Definitions study guide.

History 106 Definitions study guide. - History 106 study...

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History 106 study guide Alphabet – The first known alphabet was created by the Mesopotamians around 3000 BC. This form of writing was called cuneiform. Archimedes – Greek Mathematician. 287–212 bc. He developed the Archimedes principal which dealt with weight displacement in liquid. He also developed the Archimedes screw which made gathering water from a water source a whole lot easier. Cuneiform - A form of symbolic writing that was used on clay tablets that were created by the Mesopotamians around 3000 BCE. It consisted of wedge shaped strokes. The pictograms represented in this form of writing served as an alphabet. This writing system was based on powers of 10. It was also sexegesimal which meant it was based on the number 60. 60 minutes in a hour. 60 minutes in a degree 360 degrees in a circle. Alexander the Great - The son of Philip II. He succeeded to the throne in 336 BC. He has Aristotle as a tutor who taught him classical education. He influenced Hellenism, which changed the way Greek society thought about things. Alexandria/Pergamum – Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great. Pergamum had a gymnasium, the library, and the the Hellenistic theater. These two cities were the most famous. Pheonicians - A Semitic people of ancient Phoenicia in southern Syria, of unknown origin. Were masters of sailing and trade. They used a substance that a shellfish disbursed as a purple dye. Only rich people were able to afford this. Purple was the color of loyalty. They used papyrus to publish books and scrolls. The most famous book that was produced was the bible. Empedocles - He believed in the process of change. He was less concerned with the substance of the universe. He argued that there were four elements that composed everything we see. Earth, air, fire, and water. When things began to emerge together it was called love. When they fall apart they are called strife. Hoplite/phalanx – (Battle of Zei) Formation that started when The Spartans were about to
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History 106 Definitions study guide. - History 106 study...

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