PSYC 6213 - JAR 2.docx - Running head JAR 2 1 Assignment 2...

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Running head: JAR 2 1 Assignment 2: Qualitative Journal Article Review and Topic Declaration Yorkville University Professor George Davy Vera PSYC 6213: Research Methodologies November 3, 2019
JAR 2 2 Abstract This assignment is comprised of a Journal Article Review (JAR) related to the topic chosen for the Final Paper: The Effects of Sexual Abuse on Risky Behaviour. This article, Sexual Risk Behaviours and Sexual Abuse in Persons with Severe Mental Illness in Uganda: A Qualitative Study (Lundberg, Johansson, Akello, Allebeck, & Thornson, 2012) uses qualitative, phenomenological research method and is relevant to the topic of the Final because it explores how severe mental illness may influence sexual risk behaviours and sexual health risks. Keywords: sexual risk behaviour, sexual abuse, qualitative study, mental illness
JAR 2 3 Table of Contents Abstract … ................................................................................................................... 2 Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………….3 JAR: Qualitative Review …………………………………………………………….4 References .................................................................................................................... 12
JAR 2 4 Assignment 2: Qualitative Journal Article Review and Topic Declaration Introduction Statement of Problem In this study, Lundberg, Johansson, Okello, Allebeck and Thornson (2012) seek to examine the sexual risky behaviours and HIV risk among persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Through the use of qualitative methodology, the authors with engage people living in the low-income sub-Saharan African country of Uganda, to explore the influence of SMI on sexually risky behaviours including perceptions and attitudes towards sex, knowledge and attitude towards HIV, perceived influence of mental illness on sexual life and experiences in sexual relationships. The authors are conducting this research due to how little is known about sexual behaviours and HIV risk among low-income sub-Saharan Africa. The authors also recognize that improving health care for this population involves recognizing the impacts of sexual abuse and SMI on risky sexual behaviour, which can lead to further health issues (i.e. HIV infection). Literature Review Protecting and advancing the rights of persons with mental illness (MI) is a health care priority (Chisholm, Flisher, Lund, Patel, Saxena, Thornicroft & Tomlinson, 2007). Stigmatization and socio-economic disadvantage bring persons with MI at an increased vulnerability, beyond the effects of mental illness itself. For example, in high income countries, SMI is associated with higher HIV prevalence (Chandra, Deepthivarma, Carey, Carey, & Shalinianant, 2003), attributed to riskier sexual behaviours and drug use (Meade & Sikkema, 2005). A history of sexual abuse is also seen to be a risk factor for sexual risk behaviours in individuals with SMI (Meade, Kershaw, Hansen, & Sikkema, 2007). Moreover, in low and middle-income countries it has been found that persons with SMI are at a disproportionately
JAR 2 5 higher risk of HIV infection (Meade & Sikkema, 2005). However, the authors have found a gap in the literature pertaining to sexual risk behaviours among persons with SMI in sub-Saharan African, low to middle income countries. Thus, warranting a public health need to qualitatively

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