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Running head: BENCHMARK- MODELS OF ABNORMALITY Models of AbnormalityNaomi MorenoGrand Canyon University: PSY-470September 17, 20201
BENCHMARK-MODELS OF ABNORMALITY Models of AbnormalityIn the world of psychology, it is very crucial to understand and learn the six models of abnormality. Based on the textbook, each of these models spells out the scientist’s basic assumptions, gives orders to field under study, and sets guidelines for its investigation (Comer, 2018, pg. 46). In other way, they are different various models that are used to explain and treat abnormal functioning of people that are in need. Overall, this paper will address each of the six models of abnormality (biological, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic- existential, sociocultural, and the developmental psychopathology perspective), and will provide an example to demonstrate the application and treatment of each. The Biological ModelThe biological model is a model that is also known as the medical model. The reason for it is also knows as medical model is because it includes medical perspective to really analyze what is happening in the brain. Thus, researchers of the biological model believe and view mental illness as being a result of a malfunction in the body to include issues with brain anatomy or chemistry (Comer, 2018, pg.47). In other words this model explains how the brain anatomy, brain chemistry, and brain circuitry affects the behavior of the individual. When it comes to treatment, biological practitioners looks for clues such as family history, genes, events, or other biological courses. However, today the most common treatment is drug therapy. However, some of the effects of such treatments produces shaking, contractions of the face and body, restlessness, etc., that might be weighted against the drug’s benefits. The Psychodynamic ModelThe psychodynamic model is one of the most oldest and famous psychological model. The textbook mentions how, “theorist believe that a person’s behavior, whether normal or abnormal, 2
BENCHMARK-MODELS OF ABNORMALITY is determined largely by underlying psychological forces of which he or she is not consciously aware” (Comer, 2018, pg. 53). The underlying psychological forces that the book mentions are

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