Republic Book IV Summary

Republic Book IV Summary - auxiliaries alone, but is a...

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Joe George Philosophy 105 7 February 2008 Republic Book IV Summary In the fourth book of Plato’s Republic , Socrates deals with the construction of the perfect city and the virtues it would have. He lists four virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice. It would seem that, as a whole, Socrates believes virtue begins with the education of a select few and trickles down to the rest of the populous of the city. Moderation really is just the agreement amongst the people about who should rule, whereas justice the agreement that the rest of the people in the city should do the jobs that best fit their specialties. Courage is somewhat oddly defined as belonging to the
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Unformatted text preview: auxiliaries alone, but is a backhanded sort of courage. Although it appears flattering to grant one group the virtue of courage, it implies the lack of wisdom in the auxiliaries and turns them into fighting beasts. Socrates goes on to compare the parts of the city to the parts of the human soul. Although he uses a logical comparison, I find it very difficult to relate any part of my soul to the government. I am sure it was different back in Ancient Greece, but to me government now runs as a godless machine focusing on a different set of morals than those of my faith....
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