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14April08 - Totalitarianism Lecture Reading Sherman Chapter...

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Totalitarianism Lecture Reading – Sherman, Chapter 23, pages 717-724. I) Communist Totalitarianism A) Revolution and Communism B) NEP, 1921: “Compromise with Capitalism” C) 1924: Lenin dies D) 1928: Stalin uses political influence to seize power E) 5 year plan moves away from NEP II) Stalin Transforms Russia A) Back to original ideals B) “Mobilize for Industrialization” C) Attacks the Kulaks D) Cheka formed E) New structures suppress opposition III) Stalin’s Totalitarianism IV)Uses political propaganda V) Engineers famine VI)Develops cult of personality VII) Eliminates political enemies through purges VIII) Millions die IX) Fascist Totalitarianism X) What Is Fascism? XI)Response to mass politics, communism XII) Anti-democratic, anti-individualistic, anti-communist XIII) Nationalistic, militaristic XIV) Led by charismatic leader XV) Is this different than totalitarian Communism? XVI) Causes of Fascism XVII) Resentment of the war settlement XVIII) Italy XIX) Sided with the victors XX) Feels betrayed XXI) Government discredited
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