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01LectureSTUDENT07 - 1.Climate changes again – floods...

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Origins of the West: Mesopotamia and Egypt Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 2-26, Document 1.1 I.Mespotamia and Egypt, c. 2000 B.C. A.Gods and Goddesses of the River Valley 1.Creation from divine wrath 2.Gods are nearly indecipherable 3.Priests/priestesses help to interpret/placate gods 4.Sargon uses religion to unite people 5.All share fear of the gods, pessimism about universe B.Writing and Ruling 1.Writing begins with accounting 2.Written records expand to include math, stories, poetry 3.Expansion of trade, commerce leads to demand for uniform law 4. Code of Hammurabi leaves written record of ideals of justice 5.Kings rule independent states in a divided land II.Rule of the God-King: Ancient Egypt, ca. 3100 - 1000 B.C. A.Old Kingdom (2700 – 2181 B.C.) 1.Abundance of crops and wealth 2.King and god combine 3.Pyramids are symbol of power, immortality 4.Rituals indicate belief in prosperous afterlife B.Changing Political Fortunes, ca. 2200 - 1570 B.C.
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Unformatted text preview: 1.Climate changes again – floods less often, less fertile, pharaoh blamed 2.Famine leads to political upheaval 3.Middle Kingdom restores peace 4.Kings conquer Nubia (good for trade) , continue Mediterranean trade and economy blossoms and king becomes responsible for welfare of people C.Political Expansion: The New Kingdom, 1570 - 1085 B.C. 1.Pharaohs rebuild an empire – Egyptians expel Iksos 2.Hatshepsut argues for isolation ( internal policy ) 3.Succeeding pharaohs return to previous style (grand building, etc) 4.Akhenaten, ca. 1377 - 1360 B.C. tries worship of a single god, causes turmoil – causes upheaval D.Twilight of the Egyptian Empire, 1360 - ca. 1000 B.C. 1.worship of the old gods, frontiers restored 2.Libyans and Nubians invade the Nile valley 3.Western civilization moves to other regions – writing, law codes, religious practices...
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