02LectureSTUDENT07

02LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Two The Rise of Empires...

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Lecture Two: The Rise of Empires Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 26-42, Documents 1.2 and 1.3. I.Phoenicians: Traders on the Sea A.Trade with Egypt and Mesopotamia – seagoing B.Primary trade objects are cedar trees and dye – LEBANON REPRESENT! C.Largest “civilizing” contribution is alphabet (writing expands to more classes) – letters, sounds, becomes basis for Greek and Roman alphabets, expands to more classes D.Culture spreads to far western Mediterranean, then disappears II.People of the One God: Hebrews A.Initial History 1.Begin with Abraham out of Ur (Mesopotamia) 2.Semi-nomadic tribe, led by patriarchs – not initially complex 3.Not politically powerful, though Hebrew scriptures record laws, wisdom, history 4.Judges rule tribes – record more complex history, important records of historical interaction 5.Hebrews then establish a Kingdom, leads to success 6.Kingdom divides after Solomon (does similar things like other complex societies but he heavily taxes his people) Judah is much more observant
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02LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Two The Rise of Empires...

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