03LectureSTUDENT07

03LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Three: The Rise of Greece...

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Lecture Three: The Rise of Greece Lecture Reading: Sherman pages 44-62, Documents 2.1 and 2.2 I.The Minoans A.Pre-Greek Civilization – seagoing people B.Powerful (relatively peaceful) and prosperous Cretan society C.Religious ritual – ruler acted as both chief and priest D.Crop specialization – olives, grapes, grain, olives E.Religion and economics combine – redistributed wealth F.Destroyed by mainland Greeks – completely vanishes about 1450 BC II.Mycenaean Civilization – tribe not initially native to the area A.Primarily trading civilization – trade for a great deal more war implements than the Minoans B.Violence and the Puzzle of Disruption (1200-1000 BC) – lose their civilization, climate change causes change in distribution of wealth, etc. Mycenaean culture falls apart, but then Greek culture flourishes after the “Dark Ages.” C.“Dark Ages” follow D.By 800 BC trading contacts lead to re-emergence of writing III.Emerging From the Dark A.Homer (Illyiad and Odyssey) – uses new Greek alphabet, window into the
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03LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Three: The Rise of Greece...

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