04LectureSTUDENT070

04LectureSTUDENT070 - C.Golden Athens 1.Money funds culture...

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Lecture Four: Greece: Glory and Decline Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 63-81, Document 2.3. I.Imperial Athens A.The Persian Wars, 490-480 B.C. 1.Greek tyrant rebels against Persian control 2.Athens assists – not enough to actually win 3.Persians decide to punish Greece 4.Battle of Marathon – Greeks heavily outnumbered but still win 5.Second Invasion – Persians determined to win, plan full scale invasion 6.Thermopylae – Spartans sold out by fellow Greek 7.Athens flees to ships 8.Herodotus records – Third invasion? B.Athens Builds Its Empire 1.Delian League – defensive organization/coalition/collect money/turns into offensive alliance 2.Athens takes control, begins Golden Age – empire with subject cities 3.Pericles becomes master statesman – champions democracy in Athens, representation for all citizens, all Athenian male citizens should be able to participate in Athenian democracy 4.Democracy advances 5.Independent action forbidden by Athens
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Unformatted text preview: C.Golden Athens 1.Money funds culture rebuild Athens 2.Rebuilding and construction projects 3.Sculpture 4.Greek Theater explore morality II.Peloponnesian War, 431-404 BC A.Thucydides gives account B.Athens navy, fortifications C.Sparta, strong infantry D.Melos destroyed want to be neutral, Athens refuses and invades E.Alcibiades and Sicily F.Athens Loses III.Athens Contemplates Defeat A.Moral relativism - Sophists B.Socrates should have moral absolutes, implicates democracy in his critique C.Plato democracy not the answer, philosopher king is D.Euripides critiques Peloponnesian wars with old story E.Aristophanes - comedies F.Explore issues of moral absolutes, democracy, warfare IV.Aftermath of War A.Athens loses B.Power struggles ensue city-state issues C.Mercenaries add to problems D.Cities remain disunited and sovereign...
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04LectureSTUDENT070 - C.Golden Athens 1.Money funds culture...

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