07LectureSTUDENT07 - C.System of Governance 1.People are...

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Lecture Seven: The Rise of Rome, 753 - 265 B.C. Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 116-129 I.Rome A.Geographic advantages – Alps are natural protection B.Large plains, abundant rain, good location – Tiber and Rome closely linked C.Founding Myth D.Twins Romulus and Remus descendants of Troy E.Romulus First King – kills Remus II.Roman Monarchy, 753-509 BC A.Etruscan Monarchy’s popularity declines – Indo-European, city dwellers B.Legend of Lucretia C.Overthrow of Etruscans increases noble power – abuse of power D.Problems remain with a republic III.Governing an Emerging Republic A.Overview of the Republic 1.Not exactly oligarchy (complex) – less idealistic, more pragmatic 2.Not despotism, democracy, aristocracy 3.Limits on nobles decrease and many abuse power – Plebeians/Patricians B.Struggle of Orders (509-287 BC) 1.Demands for reform mount 2.Political alternative 3.Concessions to citizen-soldiers 4.Written law code 5.Tribal Assembly 6.Three social classes: patricians, equestrians, plebeians
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Unformatted text preview: C.System of Governance 1.People are the source of power reform not the revolt 2.Patrons and Clients - symbiotic 3.Client obligations 4.Patron obligations 5.Both rich and poor have a voice IV.Dominating the Peninsula A.Republic gathers strength B.Needs land C.Engages in wars D.Defeats neighbors, extends citizenship E.Lands not exactly united F.Conquered lands often loyal V.Family Life and City Life A.Roman Religion and Philosophy 1.Have many gods and goddesses 2.Major temples in important places 3.Behavior towards gods determines success 4.Stress collective responsibility B.Marriage and Family Life 1.Marriage makes alliances 2.Women play increasingly important roles still immersed in family alliance, still secondary 3.Infancy in Rome 4.Early formal education C.Life in the City 1.Astonishing urban life 2.Wealthy live on hills 3.Others live in valleys 4.Much waste, crime 5.Also entertainment, baths, leisure 6.Diet fairly plain...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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07LectureSTUDENT07 - C.System of Governance 1.People are...

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