09LectureSTUDENT07

09LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Nine: The Roman Empire Lecture...

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Lecture Nine: The Roman Empire Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 148-169, Documents 5.1 and 5.3. I.The Pax Romana (27 BC- AD 192) A.Augustus Takes Power 1.Civil war (44-27 BC) 2.Generals battle for control 3.Octavius wins 4.Octavian offers rule to Senate 5.Senate returns power to Octavian, who becomes Augustus B.Changes in Governing (27 BC -14AD) 1.Form a)Principate mixes old and new b)Governmental structure combines powers c)Administration of empire is centralized d)Reforms of Augustus 2.Ideas Behind New Rule a)Virgil’s Aeneid (1)Virtues of past combine with present (2)Deification of Augustus b)Livy’s Historia (1)History of Rome (2)Development to present (3)Looks ahead to future C.Challenges to the Principate (69-193) 1.Augustus’ Successors a)Ideal: train an heir b)Really dynastic succession c)Soldiers desire emperors d)Julio-Claudians die out 2.Flavians come to throne a)Flavian Dynasty b)Develop Imperial Cult c)Period of “Five Good Emperors” d)Temples spring up, entertainment increases
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09LectureSTUDENT07 - Lecture Nine: The Roman Empire Lecture...

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