Sexually transmitted diseases.docx - Nature of Infection...

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Nature of InfectionSexually transmitted diseases (also known as STDs — or STIs for "sexually transmitted infections") areinfectious diseases that spread from person to person through intimate contact. STDs can affect guys andgirls of all ages and backgrounds who are having sex — it doesn't matter if they're rich or poor.Unfortunately, STDs have become common among teens. Because teens are more at risk for gettingsome STDs, it's important to learn what you can do to protect yourself.STDs are more than just an embarrassment. They're a serious health problem. If untreated, some STDscan cause permanent damage, such as infertility (the inability to have a baby) and even death (in thecase of HIV/AIDS).How STDs SpreadOne reason STDs spread is because people think they can only be infected if they have sexualintercourse. That's wrong. A person can get some STDs, like herpes or genital warts, through skin-to-skincontact with an infected area or sore.Another myth about STDs is that you can't get them if you have oral or anal sex. That's also wrongbecause the viruses or bacteria that cause STDs can enter the body through tiny cuts or tears in themouth and anus, as well as the genitals.STDs also spread easily because you can't tell whether someone has an infection. In fact, some peoplewith STDs don't even know that they have them. These people are in danger of passing an infection onto their sex partners without even realizing it.Some of the things that increase a person's chances of getting an STD are:Sexual activity at a young age. The younger a person starts having sex, the greater his or her chances ofbecoming infected with an STD.Lots of sex partners. People who have sexual contact — not just intercourse, but any form of intimateactivity — with many different partners are more at risk than those who stay with the same partner.Unprotected sex. Latex condoms are the only form of birth control that reduce your risk of getting anSTD, and must be used every time. Spermicides, diaphragms, and other birth control methods may helpprevent pregnancy, but they don't protect a person against STDs
Causative agents of STDSexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmitted sexually by someonewho is infected. These infections are usually passed by intercourse, but canalso be passed through other types of sex, such as oral sex.STDs can be caused by viruses or bacteria. If you have ever had sex, you maybe at risk for having an STD. You are at higher risk if you have had many sexpartners, have had sex with someone who has had many partners, or havehad sex without using condoms (rubbers).
Symptoms and DiagnosisIf you have sex, you may also have an STD, with subtle or noticeable STD symptoms. Straight or gay,married or single, you're vulnerable to STDs and STD symptoms, whether you engage in oral, anal orvaginal sex.

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Human Sexuality, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Oral sex

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