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Informatics Weeks 1-4 Midterm Study GuideGeneral principles of Nursing InformaticsRefers to the science and art of turning data into informationSpecialty that integratesnursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice.Used to describe the processes nurses use to manage data, information, and knowledge in nursing practice.NI centers on the core concepts of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom (DIKW)KnowledgeCollecting data, turning it into information, creating knowledge, and ultimately wisdom.The awareness and understanding of a set of information and ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or arrive at a decision; abounds with others’ thoughts and information. Information that is synthesized so that relationships are identified and formalized. Understanding that comes through a process of interaction or experience with the world around us. Information that has judgment applied to it or meaning extracted from it. Processed information that helps to clarify or explain some portion of our environment that we can use as a basis for action Internal process of thinking or cognition. External process of testing, senses, observation, and interacting.WisdomKnowledge applied in a practical way or translated into actions; the use of knowledge andexperience to heighten common sense and insight so as to exercise sound judgment in practical matters. Sometimes thought of as the highest form of common sense, resulting from accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment Wisdom is the ability to apply valuable and viable knowledge, experience, understanding,and insight while being prudent and sensible. It is knowing when and how to apply knowledge.Scientific Underpinning/DIKWThe conceptual framework underpinning the science and practice of NI centers on the core concepts of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom (DIKW paradigm)When we assess a patient to determine his or her nursing needs, we gather and then analyze and interpret data to form a conclusion. Information is composed of data that were processed using knowledge. Knowledge is the awareness and understanding of a set of information and ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or arrive at a decision. When we apply previous knowledge to data, we convert those data into information, and information into new knowledge—that is, an understanding of which interventions are appropriate in practice. information is data made functional through the application of knowledge. Wisdom is the appropriate application of knowledge to a specific situation.
Wisdom uses knowledge and experience to heighten common sense and insight to exercise sound judgment in practical matters.