16LectureSTUDENT07 - 2. Saxon/Ottonian dynasty begins Holy...

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Lecture Sixteen: Monarchs, Popes, and the Crusades. Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 279-298, Documents 8.1 and 8.2 I. Rise of Centralized Monarchies a. England i.English Conquest 1. Canute and Edward the Confessor 2. Harold v. William 3. Battle of Hastings 4. Feudal system imported from Normandy (Frankish/Viking) 5. Court speaks ancient French, combines Latin and Anglo- Saxon ii.From William to Parliament 1. Administrative reforms (Henry I) 2. Traveling justices, increases holdings (Henry II) 3. Richard and John 4. Magna Carta (1215) – John = subject to the law 5. Edward I sets up Parliament iii.Spain 1. Reconquest of Muslim lands 2. Iberian peninsula disconnected 3. Saint James relics discovered, pilgrimage site (900) 4. 1250, Spain mostly Christian iv.France 1. Capetian dynasty begins 987 2. Philip Augustus takes Normandy 3. Louis IX builds the realm 4. Philip IV struggles with pope and independent areas 5. Best-governed monarch by 1300 v.Holy Roman Empire 1. Not strong or centralized
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Saxon/Ottonian dynasty begins Holy Roman Empire 3. Salian dynasty tries to exert control through bishops and abbots 4. Hohenstaufen dynasty tries to form a core but leaves internal policy alone 5. Habsburg elected to be weak 6. Empire remains decentralized II. Those Who Pray Popes, Crusades, and Christendom a. Investiture Controversy i.Who has control? ii.Investiture and Lay Interference iii.Gregory v. Henry iv.Concordat of Worms (1122) v.Thomas Becket vi.Innocent III and Fourth Lateran Council b. The Crusades 1096-1291 i.Islam increases in power ii.Pope Urban calls for Holy War iii.Crusader states set up iv.Subsequent Crusades less successful (Saladin) v.Crusaders expelled c. Church Reforms i.Franciscans and Dominicans ii.Give up earthly goods iii.Care for the poor iv.Religious life in obedience to popes v.Preaching and education, too vi.Oppose heretical sects...
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16LectureSTUDENT07 - 2. Saxon/Ottonian dynasty begins Holy...

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