19LectureSTUDENT07 - iv.Military leaders rise to authority...

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Lecture Nineteen: Renaissance Life and Art Lecture Reading – Sherman, pages 330-347, Documents 10.1 and 10.2 I. A New Spirit Emerges: Individualism, Realism, and Activism a. Renaissance or Not? i.Turning Point ii.New focus on “return” to Greek and Roman ideals iii.Medieval antecedents iv.Change accelerated by trade and disasters b. Why Italy? i.Roman ruins ii.City-state politics iii.Plague disruptions iv.Location for trade v.Ability to support artists c. Characteristics of the Renaissance i.Individualism ii.Realism iii.Activism iv.“Secularism” d. Humanism i.Education key ii.New curriculum iii.Educational theory changes iv.Books revised v.Women humanists, too e. Patronage -- Possible Patrons i.Cities ii.Wealthy Individuals iii.Religious Organizations and Authorities f. Printing and Ideas g. Texts copied by hand h. Woodblock printing i. Gutenberg’s type j. Literacy spreads k. Paper spreads l. Broad reading public II. Italian City-States and Individual Effort a. General i.Power vacuum in N. Italy ii.Breakdown of feudalism iii.Mercenary armies
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Unformatted text preview: iv.Military leaders rise to authority b. Florence i.Birthplace of the Renaissance ii.Prides on republican government iii.City threatened iv.Medicis help, take over, exiled v.1494 – French armies invade vi.Savonarola preaches vii.Medici restored c. Venice i.Serene republic? ii.Oligarchic rule iii.Less strife iv.Trade v.Prosperity vi.Large navy vii.Eventually collide with Turks d. Milan and Naples i.Milan 1. Violent like Florence 2. Aspirations to expansion 3. Sforza family ii.Naples 1. Preserved feudalism 2. Hereditary monarch 3. French and Spanish both claim 4. Unified with Sicily (1435) iii.Papal States 1. Physical presence 2. Increase power after schism 3. theocracy and order 4. Prestige through patronage 5. Julius II, warrior and scholar iv.Diplomacy 1. Danger of armies in city-states 2. Machiavelli, The Prince 3. Practical rule 4. Cold-blooded 5. Better to be feared than loved” 6. Move away from medieval ideal toward power politics...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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19LectureSTUDENT07 - iv.Military leaders rise to authority...

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