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THE CYBERSECURITY THREAT LANDSCAPECybersecurity Strategy, Law, and PolicyGroup AssignmentCMIT 495: Current Trends and Projects in Computer Networks and SecurityNational Security Strategy and CybersecurityThe National Security Strategy (NSS) is a report formulated by the president to send to congress that outlines the executive branch’s national security vision to the legislative branch1
THE CYBERSECURITY THREAT LANDSCAPE[ CITATION Natnd \l 1033 ]. The NSS was set forth by the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 and is to be a yearly report that covers the United States’ international interests, commitments, objectives and policies. [ CITATION Natnd \l 1033 ]. The foreign policy laid out in the report should propose short-term and long-term uses of any element the United States can employee to ensure national security against foreign governmentand is presented in both a public and confidential form [ CITATION 50Und \l 1033 ]. Despite the requirement that the NSS is released annually, along with the next fiscal year’s budget, since George W. Bush there has been one released for each presidential term [ CITATION Nat20 \l 1033 ].The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace(NSSC) outlines a strategy that the United States government, companies and individuals can follow to help secure America’s cyberspace. The document was released by the Bush’s administration in February of 2003 and focuses solelyon cyber security challenges [ CITATION CIS03 \l 1033 ]. The three strategic objectives outlined are: (1) Prevent cyber-attack on critical infrastructures; (2) Reduce national vulnerability to such attacks; and, (3) Minimize damage and recovery time after cyber-attacks take place [ CITATION Mic04 \l 1033 ]. The report divides the responsibilities for cybersecurity and outlines the steps that the current administration will make to fulfil the governments responsibilities. Instead of providing mandates, the report presents recommended steps that corporations, businesses and individuals can follow help create a secure Cyberspace.Trump’s National Security Strategy does have inadequacies when addressing cybersecurity. The report only briefly addresses the changing landscape of United States infrastructure and the threat of a cyber era can pose from attacks. China’s attempt to steal 2
THE CYBERSECURITY THREAT LANDSCAPEUnited States companies’ intellectual property is mentioned only in passing. Action points to address America’s next steps and priorities are vague and typically reveal no concrete plan, only broad avenues to be explored. Cybersecurity is a vast subject that cannot be adequately covered in an NSS because of the document’s generality.The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspacewas the Bush administration responding to arelatively new threat and provided the nation a glance at how the government was reacting along with providing educational material, but those responsibilities are now handled by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). CISA was formed in 2018 as a standalone federal agency. Its mission is to “Lead the National effort to understand and manage