30January08 - Constitutional Challenges Lecture Reading...

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Constitutional Challenges Lecture Reading – Sherman, Chapter 13, pages 423-437. I. Triumph of Constitutionalism a. English Civil War (Revolution?) of the 1640s – 1660s i. James I (1603-1625) – claims divine right ii. Charles I (1625-1649) Refuses to accept authority of Parliament (calls and disbands) iii. 1649: Charles brought to trial and executed b. Hobbes’ Leviathan i. Man in “state of nature” is brutal ii. Men group together for protection iii. Men give all power to central power iv. Central authority must always be obeyed v. Written during English Civil war, clear condemnation of Parliamentary forces vi. SECULAR THEORY OF ABSOLUTISM c. Cromwell’s Reign -- Puritan (Republican?) government, 1649-1660 i. Virtual despotism by former army leader ii. “Lord Protector” focused on religious goals iii. Cromwell dies and his son is unable to maintain power iv. Parliament invites Charles II to return to the throne d. Monarchy Restored (1660-1688) i. Charles II and James II (sons of Charles I) come to power
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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30January08 - Constitutional Challenges Lecture Reading...

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