03March08 - A Based on earlier liberal thought B Questions...

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The Congress of Vienna and Ideological Change Lecture Reading – Sherman, Chapter 18, pages 565-579. I) Reactions to the Enlightenment, French Revolution, and Industrial Revolution II) Against the Enlightenment: Conservatism A) Exemplified by Congress of Vienna B) Attempt to restore order and hierarchy III) Primary Tenets of Conservatism A) Elites should rule B) Individualism leads to anarchy C) Only slow change is possible D) Religion stable basis for society IV)From the Enlightenment: Liberalism A) Promotes idea of “progress” B) Interested in ideas behind human rights C) Wants change D) Revolution is good V) Proponents of Liberal Thought A) Voltaire B) Montesquieu C) Locke D) Robespierre VI)Primary Tenets of Liberalism A) Focus on individual “liberties” B) Desires freedoms C) Government should have constitutional guarantees, representative institutions D) Often wants laissez-faire economy E) NOT ALL OF THESE QUALITIES EXIST TOGETHER PEACEFULLY! VII) Prompted by Industrial Change: Utopian Socialism
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Unformatted text preview: A) Based on earlier liberal thought B) Questions existing social/economic order C) Often linked to gender equality VIII) Tenets of Sot Thought A) Workers missing out B) Society should be based on cooperation C) Women should be emancipated IX)Proponents of Som X) Charles Fourier (phalansteries) XI)Robert Owen A) Wealthy industrialist who formed model cooperatives B) Treated workers well C) Not a lasting alternative to industrial capitalism XII) Attempt to Modify Som: Communism A) Origins in the French revolution B) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels write the Communist Manifesto C) Attempt to move Utopian Som toward “scientific” som XIII) Communist Manifesto A) Economic production shapes human behavior B) Basis for all politics, religion, culture C) Class struggle comes to a revolutionary head D) Labor is a commodity E) Working class will grow stronger and destroy the capitalist system F) State will wither away...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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03March08 - A Based on earlier liberal thought B Questions...

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