Lecture 12 - Overview Personality Processes Lecture 12...

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4/7/2012 1 Personality Processes Lecture 12 Intro to Personality Spring 2012 Overview Where does personality come from? How does it relate to other topics in psychology? Stable differences between people in areas such as i i i d i fi i h perception, motivation and emotion fit with our broad conception of personality (i.e. differences between people in the ABCs of psychology) Ͳ sometimes directly to the “traits” we have discussed thus far (e.g. the big five) Ͳ sometimes in ways that highlight what is not captured by traits alone Perception People are predisposed to perceive the world in different ways. As a result, they behave differently from each other even in the same situation. Priming and Chronic Accessibility Priming : concepts that have been activated recently, perhaps cued by something that happened today, or that are consistently activated, perhaps due to an attribute of the individual’s personality, are quick to come to mind even with little stimulus Chronic accessibility : Concepts that are frequently primed, or chronically accessible concepts, can become part of our personality system. Jerry Garcia’s dream for America Priming and Chronic Accessibility It is possible that some patterns of priming are built in genetically for evolutionary reasons. Some have speculated that we might be genetically primed to fear snakes. Other patterns of priming may stem from inborn patterns of i di id l t t individual temperament. A person with a tendency to experience positive emotions may, as part of that pattern, have happy thoughts easily accessible to consciousness. This person would quickly see the good in anyone and anything, being optimistic A person with a temperamental tendency toward negative emotions may equally quickly notice other people’s less desirable traits, being pessimistic. Their temperaments and associated patterns of priming cause these people to see and interpret the same reality in different ways; they would generate somewhat different impressions of people, places, and things. Priming and Chronic Accessibility Most current theorists assume that priming and chronic accessibility results from experience.
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4/7/2012 2 Priming and Chronic Accessibility persistent stubborn Once Donald made up his mind to do something, it was as good as done no matter how long it might take or how difficult the going might be. Only rarely did he change his mind, even when it might well have been better if he had. Those primed with the word stubborn were more likely to describe Donald with that term, though they did not realize why. After reading this passage, participants were asked to categorize Donald’s behavior: either “stubborn” or “persistent.” Priming and Chronic Accessibility In daily life, and throughout every child’s development, some ideas are primed over and over again.
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