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02April08 - B Move away from faith in progress to...

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Rationalism, Modernism, and Uncertainty Lecture Reading – Sherman, Chapter 21, pages 657-669. I) What is Modern Life? A) Rational and irrational elements exist alongside one another. B) Intellectuals begin to ask: “Where are we going? Is it necessarily better or even good?” II) Modern Life is Progressive III) Charles Darwin and Evolution A) Natural selection B) Social Darwinism expands ideas C) “Scientific” justification for why other races and women are inferior to white men D) Life is continually improving due to science and rational action IV) Modern Life is NOT Progressive A) Catholic Church opposes V) Syllabus of Errors (1864) A) Errors of belief in the modern era such as: B) God doesn’t act in the world C) Reason alone determines what is false or true D) Christianity is a myth E) Ecclesiastical authority should be subject to secular authority VI)Intellectual Critique A) Philosophers and artists become pessimistic about modernity
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Unformatted text preview: B) Move away from faith in progress to uncertainty. C) Fin-de-siècle (end of a century, end of an era) captures this meaning VII) Civilization is in Decline A) Freud argues that bourgeois society is oppressive B) Nietzsche, Genealogy of Morals (1887) C) All accepted values are wrong D) Christianity is an ideal of weakness and hinders society E) “Will to power” of the individual F) Anti-liberal, anti-masses VIII) Experiments in Art Agree A) Picasso and others doubt that we can get at reality B) Art goes past ordinary people C) “Art for Art’s Sake” IX) Picasso, Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) X) Kandinsky, Composition 5 (1911) XI) Stravinsky, Rite of Spring (1913) A) Rite of Spring has a notorious first performance B) Sounds inspire strong emotions C) Riots and fights break out D) Not art for the masses...
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