07April08 - The Road to War and World War One Lecture...

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The Road to War and World War One Lecture Reading – Sherman, Chapter 22, pages 673-687. I) Underlying Causes of WWI A) Imperialism B) Nationalism II) More Proximate Causes A) Militarism increases Tensions 1) Britain v. Germany 2) German nationalists want a strong navy 3) Build more “dreadnoughts” than Britain 4) Britain convinced this is a military challenge 5) Germany believes Britain wants to limit its “legitimate aspirations” 6) Both sides claim the other side wants to destroy it B) The Alliance System 1) Begins in 1871 2) Balkan tensions ensure Russia leaves German-Austrian alliance 3) Italy joins Germany and Austria 4) Russia feels isolated, joins France (1894) 5) Britain threatened by German industrialization, also joins France in 1904 (Triple Entente) 6) Europe divided into two opposing camps III) Immediate Cause of War: Assassination A) June 28, 1914 Bosnian terrorist kills Archduke Ferdinand and his wife 1) Princip wants to free homeland from Austrians 2) Austria-Hungary wants to end Slavic nationalism
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07April08 - The Road to War and World War One Lecture...

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