ch10.docx - Week 8 Discussion u2013 Treatment of...

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Week 8 Discussion – Treatment of Neurocognitive DisordersNeurocognitive disorders (NCDs) are a range of disorders characterized by a decline inone or more of the cognitive domains of the brain, such as memory, thinking, reasoning, andproblem solving. NCDS may be minor or major depending on the severity of symptoms andimpact on the individual’s functionality (Sadock, Sadock, & Ruiz, 2014). NCDs are a significantpublic health concern in the USA, affecting all ages but especially older people even though it isnot an aging problem per se (WHO, 2018). Factors such as infections, nutritional deficiencies,endocrine conditions, trauma, and substance abuse may cause NCDs. DSM-5 CriteriaThe DSM-5 provides diagnostic criteria for both mild and major NCD (APA, 2013).These are:a.exhibited disturbance in six cognitive domains: attention, executive function, learning and memory, language, social cognition, and perceptual-motor function:reduced ability to sustain or focus attention, reduced information processing speed, and reduced awareness of the environment;slow executive function including planning, mental flexibility and inhibition, decision making and responding to feedback;

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