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The First Cry of the RevolutionIn 1911, a monument to the Heroes of 1896 was erected in Balintawak wherebeginning in 1908, it was believed that the "First Cry" or the initial move of theFilipinos to befin the revolution for independence occurred there on August 26. However, the date and place of the event were later contradicted by differentKatipunan personalities who claimed that they were there at the time. In 1963, theNational Historical Commission (today's NHCP) decided that, following extensiveresearch of primary resources, the First Cry of the Philippine Revolution of 1896happened on August 23, 1896 at Pugad Lawin, now part of Project 8 in Quezon City.The controversy, however, persists, with historians and other personalities(especially the descendants of the Katipunero witnesses) claiming that the officialdate and place are wrong.Account of Dr. Pio ValenzuelaThe first place of refuge of Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto, ProcopioBonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Aguedo del Rosario, and myself was Balintawak, thefirst five arriving there on August 19, and I, on August 20, 1896. The firstplace where some 500 members of the Katipunan met on August 22, 1896was the house and yard of Apolonio Samson at Kangkong. Aside from thepersons mentioned above, among those who were there were Briccio Pantas,Alejandro Santiago, Ramon Bernardo, Apolonio Samson, and others. Here,views were only exchanged and no resolution was debated or adopted. It wasat Pugad Lawin, in the house, store house and yard of Juan Ramos, son ofMelchora Aquino, where over 1,000 members of the Katipunan met andcarried out considerable debate and discussion on August 23, 1896. Thediscussions was whether or not the revolution against the Spanishgovernment should be started on August 29, 1896. Only one man protestedand fought against a war and that was Teodoro Plata. Besides the personsnamed aboved, among those present at this meeting were Enrique Cipriano,Alfonso Pacheco, Tomas Remigio, Sinforoso San Pedro, and others. After the