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Buddhism Quiz

Buddhism Quiz - Buddhism Quiz 1 Discuss the major events of...

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Buddhism Quiz 1. Discuss the major events of the Buddha’s life and career as treated by Smith. The future Buddha was born as a prince named Siddhartha in the Gotama clan among a people dwelling near the present-day border with Nepal, known as a Sakkas. After a royal upbringing, he renounced family life, studied under various spiritual teachers went his own way, practiced self-mortification for a period, and thereafter rejected this in favor of moderation. He achieved an ‘awakening’ after a night of meditation beneath a Bo tree at the place now known as Bodh-gaya. He proclaimed his teaching, his ‘realization’ or ‘awakening’ to a small group of disciples in an animal park at Isipatana (Sarnath) near Banaras and spent the remainder of his life giving spiritual instruction both to the public at large and to an ever-growing body of disciples. By his death in his eighty-first year his following had become a large and well-organized community. Please pay special attention to pp. 82-88 in Smith, which offers a much more dynamic and engaging account of the Buddha’s youth and career, and to his discussion of the Four Passing Sights of the Buddha’s youth. (1. the vision of the old man, 2. the vision of a body racked with disease, 3. the vision of a corpse, 4., the vision of a monk with a shaven head [sannyasi]). 2. Name and describe the 5 Skranta (elements) of personal identity. What we call a “being” or ourselves as “I,” taught the Buddha, may be divided into five groups or elements; when any are grasped at or lead to attachment, they are “dukkha.” 1.The first is matter, by which is meant solidity, fluidity, heat, motion, extension, etc. The first is quite simply our bodies and our five physical senses. 2. The second is “sensations,” or “feeling.” The second denotes the basic qualitative feel in our relation to the world, such as whether an object is hot or cold, a sound is harmonious or grating, etc. 3. The third is “perceptions,” often treated as “concepts.” The third denotes the products of the mind that we call ideas or concepts, those by which we recognize objects. One, two, and three all concern basic bodily or mental functions, and not yet the human will that is the basis for karma, or individual responsibility. 4. The fourth is “mental formations,” or better “constructing activities.” The fourth is the first in the list that assumes our responsibility for our actions; The fourth implies that volition that is the basis for joy and hatred, as active in forming and constituting one’s own character. 5. The fifth is “consciousness,” or better, “analysis.” So, working backwards; the fifth is our capacity for knowledge or science.
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The point of this analysis is that one is exhaustively explained by these five elements. There is no unchanging spirit as opposed to one’s body. We move, breathe, are aware of ourselves, remember, anticipate, etc., as a function of the interaction of these five elements – each of which is constantly in flux and which provides for no stability or fixed “self“ or “soul.” This is basis for the Buddhist
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Buddhism Quiz - Buddhism Quiz 1 Discuss the major events of...

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