Midterm.docx - Name: Jordan Grider Section: Art History...

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Name: Jordan GriderSection: Art History MidtermPart 1:1.Hierarchy of Scaleshows the importance of a figure in an artwork by relative size to otherfigures. The more important subjects in a piece, such as gods, kings, or rulers, are bigger thanthose considered lesser. This is very well shown in the Palette of King Narmer. The King is thelargest figure in the relief by far, towering above the enemy he slays and the servant that holdshis shoes (two lesser compared to the King).2.Contrapposto, meaning “counterbalance” is a shifting of weight in art, and was a staple ofEarly Classical sculpture. A figure stands asymmetrically, putting their weight mostly on one legand foot, shoulders and hips at different angles, so their body creates an S-curve.The Riacewarrior shows contrapposto with his weight placed on his back foot, front foot bent, his hips andshoulders tilted.He’s asymmetrical, but balanced and organic.3.A stele is a carved stone slab, usually made to depict an event or narrative, or to mark agrave. An example of this is the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin. It commemorates victory over theLullubi people, depicting Naram-Sin leading his warriors up a mountain, surrounded by theirdefeated foes.4.Papyrus was an important part of ancient Egyptian culture, being used as an early form ofpaper and in simple buildings. This tradition of using plants in architecture carried on evenwhen buildings of stone were erected. One place where this can be seen is in the FuneraryTemple of Djoser, where the columns closely resemble papyrus stalks.The carved capitalsclosely resemble the splayed leaves of a papyrus plant.5.Cuneiform is the oldest known form of writing, used for communication, trade, and storytellingin Mesopotamia. It helped with long distance communication and remembering exact details.Hammurabi has his laws carved into basalt statues using cuneiform - they were the laws of theland, and it was crucial that everyone was able to read and remember them.6.Humanism, while more of a Renaissance concept, is the idea of putting humanity as theprimary subjects in art.We see glimpses of this in the Hellenistic era, where emotions areemphasized, and human subjects are featured over godly ones. We can see this in thesculpture dubbed the Defeated Boxer, where the subject is a human, and he’s not seen inglorious victory, but in defeat. Its focus is on a vulnerable human and his negative emotions.7.Apotropaic art is made with the intention of keeping negative or evil things away. Visages ofMedusa, such as the one in the sculpture at the Temple of Artemis in Corfu, served asprotection against evil spirits that may threaten the temple.8.Composite view allows the viewer to see the subject from multiple angles, even if it doesn'tmake logical sense. It allows the view to see more defining features from their best views, suchas the profile view of a nose, but the straight view of an eye to get a point across. The animals

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Term
Fall
Professor
Dr.Sarah Diebel
Tags
Aphrodite of Cnidus, Akhenaton

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