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Running head: Psychology of Personality 1 Stephen Mills Psychology of Personality PSY-352-OL Oct 2012 Written Assignment 2 1.Identify and describe Erikson's eight stages of development and compare them to Freud's. (Chapter 9) In each stage, Erikson believed people experience a conflict that serves as a turning point in development. In Erikson’s view, these conflicts are centered on either developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality. During these times, the potential for personal growth is high, but so is the potential for failure. Stage 1 is infancy basic trust versus basic mistrust. This stage of Erikson’s theory occurs between birth and one year of age. This is the most fundamental stage in life. An infant is dependent on the caregiver so the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers. If the caregiver is successfully the child will develop trust and will feel safe. If the caregiver fails to develop the child’s trust this will result in fear and a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable. Stage 2 is early childhood autonomy versus shame and doubt. This stage of Erikson's theory takes place during early childhood and is focused on children developing a greater sense of personal control. Some important events include gaining more control over food choices, toy preferences, and clothing selection. Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and confident, while those who do not are left
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Running head: Psychology of Personality 2 with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
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