Converging Technologies - Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance NANOTECHNOLOGY BIOTECHNOLOGY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COGNITIVE

Converging Technologies - Converging Technologies for...

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Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance N ANOTECHNOLOGY , B IOTECHNOLOGY , I NFORMATION T ECHNOLOGY AND C OGNITIVE S CIENCE NSF/DOC-sponsored report Edited by Mihail C. Roco and William Sims Bainbridge National Science Foundation 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers (currently Springer) Dordrecht, The Netherlands ( 482 pages, Web version. See ISBN 1-4020-1254-3 for archival print version.) Any opinions, conclusions or recommendations expressed in thi s material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Government.
Copyrights res erved by indiv idual auth ors o r the ir a ssignees e xcept as noted herein. Repr oduced by perm ission. The U.S. Government ret ains a nonexclusive and nontransferable license to all exclusive rights provided by copyright. This wo rk rela tes to NSF Gran t CT S-0128860, awar ded to the World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC), Inc.
iii C ONVERGING T ECHNOLOGIES FOR I MPROVING H UMAN P ERFORMANCE : N ANOTECHNOLOGY , B IOTECHNOLOGY , I NFORMATION T ECHNOLOGY AND C OGNITIVE S CIENCE Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................... ix OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................. 1 1. Background .................................................................................................. 1 2. Timely and Broad Opportunity .................................................................... 2 3. Vision for Enhancing Human Abilities and Societal Performance .............. 4 4. Strategies for Transformation ....................................................................... 7 5. Towards Unifying Science and Converging Technology ........................... 10 6. Major Themes ............................................................................................ 13 7. Future Prospects ......................................................................................... 16 8. Recommendations ...................................................................................... 22 GENERAL STATEMENTS AND VISIONARY PROJECTS .......................... 29 A. MOTIVATION AND OUTLOOK .................................................................. 29 Theme A Summary Panel: P. Bon d, J. C anton, M. D astoor, N . G ingrich, M. H irschbein, C.H. Huettner, P. Kuekes, J. Watson, M.C. Roco, S. Venneri, R .S. Williams .................................................................................................... 29 Statements National Str ategy to wards Converging Scie nce and Technology (C.H. Huettner) .......................................................................................... 31 Converging Technologies and Competitiveness (P. Bond) ............................ 33 Vision for the Converging Technologies (N. Gingrich) ................................. 36 Zone of Convergence Between Bio/Info/Nano Technologies: NASA’s Nanotechnology Initiative (S. Venneri, M. Hirschbein, M. Dastoor) ........ 55 Biomedicine Eyes 2020 (J. Watson) .............................................................. 60 Balancing Opportu nities a nd In vestments for NB IC (R .S. Williams, P. Kuekes) ................................................................................................. 67 The I mpact of C onvergent T echnologies a nd t he Future o f B usiness and the Economy (J. Canton,) ................................................................... 71 Coherence and Divergence of Megatrends in Science and Engineering (M.C. Roco) ............................................................................................... 79 B. EXPANDING HUMAN COGNITION AND COMMUNICATION ............ 97 Theme B Summary Panel: W.S. Bainbridge, R. Burger, J. Canton, R. Golledge, R.E. Horn, P. Ku ekes, J . L oomis, C .A. Mu rray, P . P enz, B .M. P ierce, J. Pollack, W. Robinett, J. Spohrer, S. Turkle, L.T. Wilson ...................... 97
Contents iv Statements NBICS (N ano-Bio-Info-Cogno-Socio) Convergence t o I mprove Human Performance: Opportunities and Challenges (J. Spohrer) ........... 101 Sensor System E ngineering Insights on I mproving H uman C ognition and Communication (B.M. Pierce) .......................................................... 117 Can Nan otechnology Dra matically Affect th e Architecture of F uture Communications Networks? (C.A. Murray) ........................................... 120 Spatial Cognition and Converging Technologies (R. Golledge) .................. 122 Visual Language a nd C onverging T echnologies i n t he Next 10- 15 Years (and Beyond) (R.E. Horn) ............................................................ 141 Sociable T echnologies: E nhancing H uman P erformance when t he computer is not a tool but a companion (S. Turkle) ................................ 150

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