argumentative paper

argumentative paper - Welfare Reform Since the nineties the...

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Welfare Reform Since the nineties the government has been implementing welfare reforms in hopes of decreasing the amount of people living on welfare and in poverty. One of these programs is the Welfare to Work program. This is a program where people on welfare most work for their financial aid after a certain period of time. The people that are hit the hardest by these programs are mothers, especially single ones and their kids. The problem with these programs is that the jobs that mothers are being offered are not in their local neighborhoods. People in the Welfare to Work and other equivalent programs are forced to work sometimes several hours away from their homes to affluent areas where they work in restaurants, movie theatres, and other service based jobs. Welfare to Work programs are not an acceptable answer to poverty because the wages that are earned many times are not enough to raise people out of poverty. Children in these families are also directly hurt because the absence of parental supervision many times leads to failure in school and criminal activity as well as other problems. The money used to fund these social reform programs should go to improving the economy of the areas that contain the people on welfare so that they can be employed locally. “Since 1996, individuals who participate in welfare programs are mandated to find employment” (Gorske). This means everyone including the most dependent people on welfare, single mothers. During the Sixties and Seventies, according to Ron Haskins, a welfare adviser to the White House, “more than a third of all single mothers were jobless. They were “languishing on welfare, child-support payments, or shared income from friends, cohabiters, or family members. The income of single mothers who do not work is consistently low and precarious”. Since the reforms of the nineties single mothers have
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become increasingly employed. In 2000 single mothers reached an employment level of seventy-five percent, a twenty-five percent increase in the last four years. This at first glance seems like a great thing, women getting jobs, making money, supporting their families and raising out of poverty. However “initial research shows the vast majority of former welfare recipients who get jobs earn poverty level or lower wages and experience little income growth”(Al Hunt). The jobs that these women are being offered come from companies that mostly just want tax breaks for hiring people on welfare and do not care if they make enough money. Just because they are on welfare employers see them as lazier and not as good as regular employees. They are rarely given benefits or pay wages even if they work there for long periods of time. The average wage for single mothers in New York city is “$7.83 in the city, a pay rate that even with full-time, year-around work could not lift a family of three above the federal poverty line ($14,269 in 2001)” (David R. Jones). How can this be the government’s solution to getting people out of poverty? It
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Herrick during the Spring '07 term at Gonzaga.

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argumentative paper - Welfare Reform Since the nineties the...

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