final study sheet

final study sheet - History 102 Fall 2006 Mr. Messer...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History 102 Mr. Messer Fall 2006 Gonzaga University Study Sheet Chapters 27-29 1. Lebensraum: (living space). Hitler was a firm believer in the doctrine of Lebensraum , espoused by Karl Haushofer, a professor of geography at the University of Munich. The doctrine maintained that a nation’s power depended on the amount and kind of land it occupied. 2. Appeasement: The British were starting a policy of appeasement, based on the belief that if European states satisfied the reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers, the latter would be content, and stability and peace would be achieved in Europe. British appeasement was grounded in large part on Britain’s desire to avoid another war, but it was also fostered by British statesmen who believed that Nazi Germany offered a powerful bulwark against Soviet communism. : 3. Neville Chamberlain: by the end of 1937, Hitler was convinced that neither the French nor the British would provide much opposition to his plans. Chamberlain, who had become prime minister of Britain in May 1936, was a strong advocate of appeasement and believed that the survival of the British Empire depended on an accommodation with Germany. Chamberlain had made it known to Hitler in November 1937 that he would not oppose changes in central Europe, provided that they were executed peacefully. 4. Manchuria: In September 1931, Japanese soldiers had seized Manchuria, an area of northeastern China that had natural resources Japan needed. Eventually worldwide protests against the Japanese action led the League of Nations to condemn the Japanese seizure, which caused Japan to withdraw from the League. During the next several years, Japan consolidated its hold on Manchuria, which is renamed Manchukuo, and then began to expand its control in North China. By the mid-1930s, militant elements connected with the government and the armed forces were effectively in control of Japanese politics. 5. Blitzkrieg: “lightning war,” Hitler stunned Europe with the speed and efficiency of the German attack. Armored columns or panzer divisions supported by airplanes broke quickly through Polish lines and encircled the overwhelmed Polish troops. Regular infantry units then moved in to hold the newly conquered territory. Soon after, Soviet military forces attacked eastern Poland. Within four week, Poland had surrendered. On September 28, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union officially divided Poland between the them. 6. Panzer division: A panzer divisions was a strike force of about three hundred tanks and accompanying forces and supplies. 7. Maginot Line: Although Hitler’s hopes of avoiding war with the West were dashed when France and Britain declared war on September 3, he was confident that he could control the situation. Expecting another war of attrition and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
economic blockade, Britain and France refused to go on the offensive. Between 1930 and 1935, France had built a series of concrete and steel fortifications armed with heavy artillery—known as the Maginot line—along its border with
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 21

final study sheet - History 102 Fall 2006 Mr. Messer...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online