final test study guide His. 101

final test study guide His. 101 - Study Sheet Final Exam...

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Study Sheet – Final Exam Coloni: Free tenant farmers working on large estates called latifundia. Were sharecroppers who paid rent I labor, produce, or sometimes cash. Diocletian: Roman Emperor from 284-305, create new administrative system that restructured the empire. Ruled the Eastern Empire P. 166 Constantine: played an important role in restoring order and stability to the Roman Empire in the fourth century. A co-Emperor of Rome that reunited the empire. Moved the capital to Byzantium, Renamed to Constantinople. Issued the Edict of Milan and called the council of Nicaea. Makes sure he is above church. Franks: Captured Roman Gaul. Only barbarians to convert to Niacin Christianity. First King was Clovis, was a Meravingian. Huns: a fierce tribe of nomads from the steppes of Asia, moved into the Black Sea region, possibly attracted by riches in the south. Forced many Germanic tribes west into Roman territory. Edict of Milan: Issued by Constantine, grants tolerance to Christians. Council of Nicaea: First time the church calls a council. Declares Arius’ teachings to by heresy. Create an official doctrine called the Nicaean creed.
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Arius: A priest from Alexandria in Egypt. Arius postulated that Jesus had been human and thus not truly God. Arius was opposed by Athanasius and others who believed Jesus was both man and God. Byzantine Empire: Falls in 1453, its capital was Constantinople. Flourished in trade and re-conquered Italy between 535 and 552, devastating much of the peninsula and destroying Rome as one of the great urban centers of the Mediterranean world. Clovis: Established a Frankish kingdom around 500. Converted to Christianity, the only to not join the Arian sect. Was supported by the Roman Catholic church and justified his conquest by claiming he was defender of the faith. Stated the Merovingian dynasty. Charles Martel: Served as mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Led troops that defeated the Muslims near Poitiers in 732 and by his death was virtually the ruler of all three Merovingian kingdoms. Was never king but was on the verge of creating new dynasty that would create an even greater Frankish Kingdom. Charlemagne: Frankish king, greately expanded the territory of the Caralingean empire, crowned king of the romans by the pope
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Petrine Doctrine: States that the bishops of Rome had more authority in the church. Makes the Pope the head to church.
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final test study guide His. 101 - Study Sheet Final Exam...

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