midterm study guide His. 101

midterm study guide His. 101 - Study Sheet Mid=Term...

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Study Sheet – Mid=Term Neolithic Revolution- after the last Ice Age around 10,000 B.C. Switch from hunting and gathering to producing food by systematic agriculture. Mesopotamia- between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Sumerians- creators of Mesopotamian civilization. By 3000 B.C., they had established a number of independent cities in southern Mesopotamian. Tigris & Euphrates Rivers- provided Mesopotamia with fertile land to farm on. Code of Hammurabi- a collection of 282 laws that reveals a society with a system of strict justice. The Epic of Gilgamesh- most famous piece of Mesopotamian literature that records the exploits of Gilgamesh, a legendary king of Uruk. “The Gift of the Nile”- annual flooding that was gradual and usually predictable. Pyramids- demonstrated a measure of skill unique to the world of that time. Built during the Old Kingdom Tombs for the mummified bodies of pharaohs. Polytheism- belief in or worship of more than one god. Akhenaten- pharaoh who placed Aten, god of the sun disk, as the chief god. Closed the temples of other gods. Hitittes- dominant power north of Egypt for roughly two centuries. Assimilated important linguistic, political, and religious aspects of the peoples it conquered. Hebrews- a Semitic speaking people who had tradition concerning their origins and history that was eventually written down as part of the Hebrew Bible. Monotheism- the doctrine or belief in that there is only one god.
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Moses- led the Hebrews out of Egypt in the first half of the thirteenth century B.C. Saul- first king of the Israelites from 1020-1000 B.C. David- second king of the Israelites from 1000-970 B.C. Torah- the body of law in Hebrew Scripture, contained in the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Hebrew Bible). Diaspora- the scattering of Jews throughout the ancient world after the Babylonian captivity in the sixth century B.C. Phoenicians- created the first alphabet. Were seafaring merchants. Evolved into the city of Carthage. Assyrians- brutal and warlike people who used iron weapons. Persians- Hanging Gardens of Babylon- one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Herodotus- considered the father of western history. Used mythology in his historical accounts. Wrote a history of the Persian Wars. Cyrus the Great- created a powerful Persian state that rearranged the political map of the ancient Near East. Darius- started the 1 st invasion of the Persian Wars in 490 B.C. Zoroaster- founder of the religion, Zoroastrianism, in the seventh century B.C. Religion characterized by worship of supreme god, Ahuramazda, who represents the good against the evil spirit, identified as Ahriman.
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Pericles- influential statesman and orator who started the project of building the Parthenon. Peloponnesus- a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Messer during the Spring '07 term at Gonzaga.

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midterm study guide His. 101 - Study Sheet Mid=Term...

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