7104261-philosophy1.docx - Running head: UTILITARIANISM 1...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Running head: UTILITARIANISM 1John Stuart Mill’s UtilitarianismStudent’s NameInstitution
UTILITARIANISM 2John Stuart Mill’s UtilitarianismA utilitarian approach to ethics pegs the rightness or wrongness of an action to pain or pleasure. Utilitarianism suggests that the best course of action is that which conforms to the greatest happiness principle (GHP). The GHP holds that actions are right to the extent that they tend to promote the happiness of the greatest number of people in society and wrong if their consequences promote pain to the greatest number of people in society (Singer, 2003). As such, the GHP emphasizes on the consequences of an action as the sole measure for its desirability in society.There is a glaring difference between John Stuart Mill’s interpretations of the greatest happiness of moral actions and those of traditional ethical theorists. For instance, Emmanuel Kant believed that decisions or actions of individuals should be based on moral principles that apply to society as a whole. As such, Kant gave moral rules a paramount status (Misselbrook, 2013). By so doing, he appeared to suggest moral courses of action of individuals are universal. Jeremy Bethany, the pioneer of utilitarianism, held the view that a moral action is that which brings the greatest happiness to the most number of people in society. Central to Bentham‘s

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 5 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture