Chapter 13 and 15- psych 2040

Chapter 13 and 15- - Psychology Notes Chapter 13 and part of Chapter 15 Tuesday May 1 Chapter 13 Conflict review for final Chapter 15 Psychology in

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Psychology Notes Chapter 13 and part of Chapter 15 Tuesday, May 1 Chapter 13: Conflict, review for final Chapter 15: Psychology in the courtroom Conflict: disagreement among parties Relative Depravation: people/ countries in conflict not getting what they need Realistic Conflict Theory: (need definition) Social Roots of Conflict - competition for limited resources/ competition for rewards (Realistic Conflict Theory) o Conflict is less likely to occur when there exists prior positive experiences among the groups involved. Social Traps o Occur when opponents get “locked” into competition and both cooperation and escape are difficult Prisoner’s Dilemma o Individuals get locked into cooperation or competition, depending on early moves in the scenario. Common’s Dilemma o Needs for positive individual and group outcomes become conflicted Power Differences o Both groups low power-cooperation one group low and the other high power- conflict o Both groups high power-deadlock, no movement Conflicting Ideals o Rigidity in aspirations leads to a zero-sum game; one side loses the other wins.
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Cognitive Roots of Conflict Stereotyping the Enemy o Inappropriately assigning certain characteristics (often negative) to an entire group of people. Cognitive Discrepancy o Group may generate completely opposite explanations for the causes of conflict. Misperceptions in conflict situations o This includes misinterpretation of the out groups intentions Mirror-image Perceptions o Groups may view each other in the same negative way Freezing of Perceptions - This includes: Based Selection: selective attention to belief-congruent information Biased Interpretation: selective interpretation, understanding of events Biased elaboration of information: distortion of information so that it
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 2040 taught by Professor Adair during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter 13 and 15- - Psychology Notes Chapter 13 and part of Chapter 15 Tuesday May 1 Chapter 13 Conflict review for final Chapter 15 Psychology in

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